Environmental Impact of Municipal Solid Waste Landfills in Semi-Arid Climates - Case Study – Jordan

Mohammad Aljaradin*, 1, Kenneth M. Persson1, 2
1 Department of Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, Box 118, SE 221 00 Lund, Sweden
2 Sydvatten AB, Skeppsgatan 19, 211 19 Malmö, Sweden

© 2012 Aljaradin and Persson.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Water Resources Engineering, Lund university, 22100, Sweden; Tel: +46 (0)46 222 45 38; Fax: +46 (0)46 222 44 35; E-mails:,


Landfilling is the most commonly used method for solid waste disposal in Jordan. It is an important source of pollution, which can be displayed through analysis of data for climatic conditions, hydrology and geology of the country. The migration of gas and leachate from the landfill body into the surrounding environment present a serious environmental concern, which include groundwater pollution, air pollution with impact on climate through methane emission and potential health hazards. This paper presents an overview of these environmental concerns from landfilling practices and their adverse environmental effects. In this paper, a number of remedial measures needed to minimize these environmental and socio-economic effects are suggested, with in total ten long term and eight short term measures for improving of the solid waste management system of Jordan.

Keywords: Gas and leachate generation, climate change, environmental impacts, remedial measuress.