Driving Forces and Inhibitors of Secondary Stock Extraction

Anders Kihl1, *, Graham Aid1, 2
1 The Division of Research and Development, Ragn-Sells AB, Stockholm, Sweden
2 The Division for Environmental Technology and Management, Linköping University, Linkoping, Sweden

© Kihl and Aid ; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Division of Research and Development, Box 952, Ragn-Sells AB, Sollentuna, 191 29 Sweden; Tel: +46 70-9272684; Fax: +46 8-612 65 92; E-mail:


Even though it’s well known that our common resources are limited and that recycling is key for a sustainable future; in reality we see few examples of true recycling where virgin raw material is substituted by waste. There are endless numbers of examples where waste is utilized to some extent without solving the core issue: reducing the need of extracting virgin raw materials. This article analyses some of the driving forces and inhibitors of secondary stock extraction to explore why it’s so difficult establish large scale secondary stock extraction although suitable technologies are available. The authors discuss and suggest possible ways for reducing some of the main barriers presented.

Keywords: Circular economy, Economy, Recycling, Resources, Sustainability.